Whereabouts and the USADA Registered Testing Pool 

 

Providing whereabouts information is a critical component of an anti-doping program to facilitate out-of-competition testing and to deter and detect doping.  Whereabouts are required of those athletes included in the USADA Registered Testing Pool.  The USADA RTP groups athletes into two pools: the USADA International Testing Pool (ITP) and the USADA National Testing Pool (NTP).  Both testing pools have specific, yet separate, requirements. 





PDF Breakdown of the  USADA Registered Testing Pool

Click here for ITP information
Click here for NTP Information



Why did USADA move to the 2-Pool System? 


On January 1, 2009, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) instituted changes to both the World Anti-Doping Code (Code) and the International Standard for Testing (IST), which required, among other changes, that all athletes in a Registered Testing Pool provide a 60-minute time slot for each day of the year.  

After implementing the changes, USADA conducted a thorough analysis of the new requirements mandated by the Code and IST, which included a survey of all U.S. RTP athletes in order to gauge how the new requirements affected them.  Additional action was taken to explore specific whereabouts requirements at a series of meetings held in London, England, where officials from anti-doping organizations around the world met to discuss the impact and worldwide adoption of the changes. After completing this analysis, USADA along with members of the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) Athletes' Advisory Council (AAC) met with representatives from WADA in Montreal, Canada to discuss the results and recommend modifications and clarifications to the rules.

Based on the results of this analysis and with WADA approval, it was determined that USADA will implement a 2-Pool System beginning on January 1, 2011.  This process and analysis undertaken by USADA demonstrated the commitment and partnership for athlete input to policies and procedures that affect their daily lives and responsibilities.


When does the 2-Pool System take effect? 


The 2-Pool System will take effect January 1, 2011.  Athletes will be notified by e-mail on or before November 15, 2010, regarding their inclusion into either pool. 
 

Does this affect the number of times athletes will be tested? 


No, the 2-Pool System affects whereabouts, Whereabouts Failures, and notification. 




What is the USADA International Testing Pool (ITP)? 


The USADA International Testing Pool is comprised of the following athletes:


  • All U.S. athletes who are in an International Federation Registered Testing Pool (IF RTP)

  • Sanctioned athletes

  • Athletes returning from retirement who were previously in the International Testing Pool

  • U.S. athletes who are not regular members of a National Federation and are expected to compete in an Olympic or Paralympic Games within the next 12 months 

  • Any other U.S. athlete whom USADA chooses to place in the this pool
 

Do athletes in the ITP need to provide a 60-minute time slot? 


Athletes included in the USADA ITP must be fully compliant with the 2009 WADA Code and the International Standard for Testing (IST) whereabouts rules, which include providing a 60-minute time slot for each day between 6am-11pm when athletes will be available and accessible for testing.  Athletes must provide additional whereabouts information in addition to the 60-minute time slot.   
 
All athletes, regardless of pool, are responsible for submitting whereabouts and must submit complete and accurate information.
 
When a Doping Control Officer (DCO) tries to locate an athlete for testing, the DCO may call the athlete in the final five (5) minutes of the 60-minute time slot to confirm an unsuccessful attempt.  The phone call in the final five (5) minutes of the 60-minute time slot is an international change which will also be implemented by other anti-doping organizations.  Athletes included in the ITP will not receive a phone call outside of their 60-minute time slot in order to be available for testing.  
 
Athletes are accountable for the entire 60-minute time slot, even if a DCO does not arrive at the beginning of the time slot.  Athletes may be notified for testing at any time during the 60-minute time slot.

 

How do I update USADA with my whereabouts information? 



  • Online, within your Whereabouts Filing (login to access the form)

  • Online Account Change of Plan (login to access the form)


  • Via text, from the phone number on file with USADA;  text@usada.org 

  • Free Mobile Application for iPhones, Droids and BlackBerrys; www.USADA.org/m  (Droid users can download iPhone App)
 

What happens if I am in the ITP and I am unavailable during my 60-minute time slot?


You will likely receive a Missed Test if you are unavailable during the specified 60-minute time slot indicated on your Whereabouts Filing when attempted for testing.
 

What happens if I am in the ITP and unavailable outside of my 60-minute time slot? 


You could be issued a Filing Failure.  A Filing Failure will be declared if: 

  • A Whereabouts Filing has not been submitted to USADA by the specified deadline.

  • You have not updated your whereabouts information in a prompt and timely manner.

  • Your whereabouts information is inaccurate or incomplete to reasonably locate you for testing.
 

What happens if I do not fulfill my whereabouts requirements? 


Both a Missed Test and a Filing Failure equal a Whereabouts Failure.  Any combination of three Whereabouts Failures (Filing Failures and/or Missed Tests), declared by USADA, WADA or an IF, within an 18-month period equals an anti-doping rule violation.


Can I contest Whereabouts Failures issued to me?


There is a formal process to contest a Whereabouts Failure (Filing Failure or Missed Test) issued by USADA.  The process timeline begins when the initial Whereabouts Failure notice is sent to the athlete from USADA. Please refer to USADA’s Whereabouts Policy document located here for more information.


Can I be moved in and out of pools?   


Yes, you can be moved in and out of pools.  If you move to either the ITP or NTP, you will be notified by USADA.


Does my status in the ITP affect the Prohibited List? 


No, the WADA Prohibited List will apply to all athletes regardless of pool status.




What is the USADA National Testing Pool (NTP)? 



The USADA National Testing Pool is comprised of the following athletes who are not included in the USADA ITP:


  • Those who meet USOC, NGB, or USADA criteria
 


Do athletes in the NTP need to provide a 60-minute time slot?


Athletes included in the USADA NTP must be fully compliant with the 2009 WADA Code and the International Standard for Testing (IST) whereabouts rules, except that athletes in the NTP do not need to provide a 60-minute time slot.  All other whereabouts rules apply.   
 
All athletes, regardless of pool, are responsible for submitting whereabouts and must submit complete and accurate information.

 

Can the DCO call me to report for testing?


The Doping Control Officer (DCO) will make a reasonable attempt to locate you for testing based on the information on your Whereabouts Filing.  If you are unavailable after the DCO makes the reasonable attempt, the DCO may place a phone call to you and you must be available for testing within one (1) hour of the phone call. 
 

If I update my whereabouts and state that I will be training internationally, will the DCO call me?


It depends.  If USADA has requested that another anti-doping organization (ADO) test you on behalf of USADA, we will request that ADO follow USADA Protocol.  But, if the anti-doping organization is testing you in their country, you may not receive a phone call. 

Do I need to update USADA with my whereabouts information and how do I update USADA with my whereabouts information? 


Yes, you must update USADA whenever your schedule changes. 
 
  • Online, within your Whereabouts Filing (login to access the form)

  • Online Account Change of Plan (login to access the form)


  • Via text, from the phone number on file with USADA;  text@usada.org

  • Free Mobile Application for iPhones, Droids and BlackBerrys; www.USADA.org/m (Droid users can download iPhone App)
 

What happens if the DCO comes to test me and I am unavailable?


If the DCO comes to test you and you are unavailable even after the phone call is made, USADA will evaluate the attempt to determine if a Filing Failure will be issued. 

 
A Filing Failure will be declared if: 

  • A Whereabouts Filing has not been submitted to USADA by the specified deadline.

  • You have not updated your whereabouts information in a prompt and timely manner.

  • Your whereabouts information is inaccurate or incomplete to reasonably locate you for testing.


What happens if I do not fulfill my whereabouts requirements? 


A Filing Failure equals a Whereabouts Failure.  Any combination of three Whereabouts Failures declared by USADA, WADA or an IF, within an 18-month period equals an anti-doping rule violation.


Can I contest Whereabouts Failures issued to me?


There is a formal process to contest a Whereabouts Failure issued by USADA.  The process timeline begins when the initial Whereabouts Failure notice is sent to the athlete from USADA. Please refer to USADA’s Whereabouts Policy document located here for more information.


Can I be moved in and out of pools? 


Yes, you can be moved in and out of pools.  If you move to either the ITP or NTP, you will be notified by USADA.


Does my status in the NTP affect the Prohibited List?

 
No, the WADA Prohibited List will apply to all athletes regardless of pool status.