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U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA)

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USADA Announces 2002 Second Quarter Testing Information

The United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) performed 1,581 doping control tests during the second quarter of 2002, USADA Chief Executive Officer Terry Madden announced Monday. The 1,581 doping control tests cover 44 sports.

Five hundred and seventy tests were no-advance-notice out-of-competition (OOC) tests done between April and June 2002, and 147 short-notice out-of-competition tests were completed during the second quarter. There are two types of OOC testing: no-advance notice testing and short-notice. Thirty-six percent of USADA’s second quarter tests were no-advance notice tests.

The no-advance notice OOC testing consists of an athlete being tested at any time, whether at an athlete’s home or training venue, with no prior notice. Short-notice testing is when an athlete knows testing will occur no more than 24 hours prior to the testing. An example of short notice testing would be a test conducted during a training camp.

In addition, the remaining 864 tests were conducted in an event-testing situation completed during that aforementioned three-month period. Those 864 tests tested were completed at 50 competitions.

In first quarter of 2002, USADA performed 1,352 tests (658 out-of-competition, 59 short notice and 635 event tests).

Among the 22 adverse laboratory findings received during the second quarter, 10 cases were for samples for which the athlete had prior notification records on file for the use of a restricted substance (salbutamol).The test results are thus reported as negative with respect to a doping offense. Six cases involved the use of prohibited stimulants (three pseudoephdrine, two ephedrine and one amphetamine) and four cases for prohibited anabolic steroids (one each for methandienone, nandrolone, norbolethone and elevated T/E ratio) for U.S. athletes.  In addition, under a reciprocal agreement, one case for detection of an anabolic steroid and one case for detection of a stimulant in an international athlete have been referred to the responsible international federations. In three of those 12 cases, a sanction was issued by USADA during the second quarter.

Additionally, sanctions for three cases from the third quarter 2001, plus one case from the fourth quarter of 2001 and one case from the first quarter 2002 were announced during the second quarter of 2002.

One case from first quarter of 2002 has been referred to the American Arbitration Association (AAA)/Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) hearing process. The AAA/CAS hearing process begins after USADA has determined there is a doping offense, and the athlete has elected not to accept the sanction presented by USADA. One case with adverse findings from the fourth quarter 2001 is under investigation, while two other cases, which were referred to USADA by international federations, completed the adjudication process in the second quarter.

Two cases from the second quarter of 2001 and one case from third quarter of 2001 were dismissed after it was determined there was no doping offense subsequent to follow-up testing.

The detection of a banned substance may or may not be ruled a doping violation.

During the second quarter of 2002, USADA performed 28 tests for the Drug-Free Sports Consortium (DFSC) and other national anti-doping agencies or international federations.

USADA is the independent anti-doping agency for Olympic sports in the United States, and is responsible for managing the testing and adjudication process for U.S. Olympic, Pan Am, and Paralympic athletes. USADA is equally dedicated to preserving the integrity of sport through research initiatives and educational programs.

The breakdown of tests can be found following this release. USADA announces its test findings four times annually. The 2002 third quarter findings will be announced in mid-September 2002.

SECOND QUARTER, 2002 U.S. ANTI-DOPING AGENCY TEST RECORDS (April – June 2002)

      Type of Testing          2nd Qtr                 2002                                                                

Sport                                   OOC1    OOC2   Event     Total                    Total    

Archery                               2             0             24           26                          29

Badminton                          1              0             4             5                            7

Basketball                           8             66           0             74                          74

Biathlon                                             6             0             0             6                            42

Bobsled/Skeleton                              10           0             0             10                          38

Bowling                               0             0             0             0                            16

Boxing                                 13            0             42           55                          62

Canoe/Kayak                      13            0             38           51                           69

Curling                                0             0             0             0                            4

Cycling                               30           0             36           66                          91

Disabled Sports                 0             12            38           50                          103                       

Diving                                 3             0             28           31                           35

Equestrian                          0             0             9             9                            11

Fencing                               1              0             38           38                          78

Field Hockey                      4             0             0             4                            7

Figure Skating                   2             0             0             2                            41

Gymnastics                        6             0             0             6                            8

Ice Hockey                          2             0             0             2                            26

Judo                                     13            0             29           42                          68

Karate                                 6             15            0             21                           39

Luge                                     3             0             0             3                            4

Modern Pentathlon           6             0             6             6                            13                          

Racquetball                        0             0             4             4                            5

Roller Sports                      1              13            0             14                          14

Rowing                               31            0             32           63                          117

Sailing                                 0             0             0             0                            23

Shooting                              2             0             102         104                        106

Skiing/Snowboarding       20           0             45           65                          202

Soccer                                  25           41           0            66                          66

Softball                               6             0             0             6                            38

Speed skating                     8             0             18            26                          75

Squash                                1              0             0             1                             1

Swimming                          91           0             54           145                        370                       

Synchronized Swimming  0             0             22           22                          24

Table Tennis                       1              0             0             1                             1

Taekwondo                         9             0             17            26                          47

Team Handball                  1              0             12            13                           17

Tennis                                 4             0             0             4                            4

Track and Field                 146         0             143         289                        583

Triathlon                             19           0             8             27                          37

Volleyball                           7             0             0             7                            9

Water Polo                         9             0             20           29                          33

Water Skiing                      1              0             0             1                             1

Weightlifting                     41           0             47           88                          195

Wrestling                           18            0             40           58                          70

Second Quarter Total        570         147         864         1,581                      —

First Quarter Total            658         59           635         1,352                      —

2002 Total                         1,228      206        1,499      2,933                     2,933

KEY:

OOC1: Out-of-Competition Testing (no-advance notice)

OOC2: Out-of-Competition Testing (short notice)

Event: Event Testing


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