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Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games Anti-Doping Information

As the national anti-doping organization for Olympic, Paralympic, Pan American and Parapan American sport, USADA is here to help athletes looking to find anti-doping information for the 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Sochi, Russia. 

While USADA staff will not have a presence at the Games, the organization will reach out to U.S. athletes, coaches, team leaders, and athlete support personnel leading up to the Games in a number of ways including, in-person presentations, webinars, handouts, and through social media including Facebook and Twitter. USADA's goal is to ensure all athletes participating in the Games are equipped with anti-doping knowledge specific to the Sochi 2014 Games.  For information about in-person education opportunities, please contact Olympic Education.

Watch the Sochi 2014 educational video to understand rights, responsibilities and procedures specific to the Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games.

The Official Anti-Doping Rules

In accordance with the WADA Code,  the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) Anti-Doping Rules describe the policies and procedures applicable for all participants and other persons during the period of the Olympic Games (January 30 February 23, 2014) and the Paralympic Games ( March 1-16, 2014).

International Olympic Committee Anti-Doping Rules for the Sochi 2014 Olympic Games
International Paralympic Committee Anti-Doping Rules for the Sochi 2014 Paralympic Games


Drug Testing During The Games

Athletes can be tested at any time and any location during the period of the Games for both the Olympics and Paralympics by the IOC or IPC respectively. Athletes notified for testing can be asked to provide a urine
sample, blood sample or both. The entire period of the Games for both the Olympics and Paralympics is considered in-competition which means all samples will be analyzed for all prohibited substances and methods on the WADA 2014 Prohibited List.
The drug testing process is designed to be safe and as comfortable as possible for athletes, while maintaining the integrity of the sample. The process at both Games is very similar to USADA's process (available here) and is also consistent with the
WADA Code and International Standard for Testing (IST), however, please make note of these few variances to the drug testing process during the Games:

  • During the period of the Games, the Games Accreditation can serve as appropriate identification when notified for testing.

  • In addition to the athlete, the sample collection personnel, and the athlete representative, an interpreter, an IOC or IPC representative, and an International Federation representative may be present during a Sample Collection Session. Only the DCO or chaperone, the athlete representative, and the third party representative (present for athletes who are minors) should be present in the toilet area during the provision of the sample

  • During the period of the Games, the security kit used is a cardboard box covered in clear plastic wrap as opposed to the Styrofoam box with the purple tamper evident tape; the sample collection vessel lids are white and adhere to the cup once attached; and the kits have stickers of the sample code numbers which are used for the Doping Control Form, the collection vessel, vacutainers (for blood collection), and the security vessels. 

Resources And Contacting USADA During The Games

The Global Drug Reference Online resource provides athletes, parents, coaches or anyone else a quick and easy way to search for the "prohibited" or "not-prohibited" status of a medication.

Athlete Express - Email or speak to an expert regarding prohibited substances.

The USADA Wallet Card is a quick reference summary of prohibited and not-prohibited substances and methods under the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Prohibited List.

An emergency phone line will be available during the period of the Games only (January 30 March 17, 2014) for athletes with anti-doping related questions. The direct number is 719-290-8043. Athletes can also e-mail