Opening of the Olympic Village
July 24, 2016
Opening of the Paralympic Village
August 31, 2016
Congratulations on being selected to represent Team USA at the 2016 Olympic & Paralympic Games in Rio!
Here are some helpful resources and reminders as you prepare for the world stage.
2016 Olympic & Paralympic Games Anti-Doping Rules
The IOC and the IPC are responsible for the anti-doping testing program during the Period of the Games (POG), which is from the opening of the Athlete’s Village to the Closing Ceremony.
For the Games, all samples collected will be analyzed for substances prohibited both in- and out-of-competition, as found on the WADA Prohibited List.
Athletes selected anytime from 12 hours prior to a competition in which they are to participate through the end of the competition and the sample collection process related to that competition, will be tested for ALL prohibited substances and methods.
(The term Competition is defined as “A single race, match, game, or singular sport contest.”)
Any other testing completed at the Rio Games will be considered Out-of-Competition, and athletes will be tested for substances and methods prohibited out-of-competition.
Athletes participating in the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games may be tested by the IOC/IPC at any time during the POG, regardless of their location. As a participant, whether you are an athlete or athlete support personnel, you have accepted the Rules of the Games as a condition of participation, and it is assumed that you have agreed to comply with those rules.
The Prohibited List
For the 2016 Olympic & Paralympic Games, the IOC and the IPC will recognize the most current version of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) 2016 Prohibited List which contains the substances and methods prohibited for the Games.
Therapeutic Use Exemptions
As an athlete, it is your responsibility to determine whether any substance or method that you are using is prohibited. Check the status of your medication using Global DRO.
If you are taking a medication that is on the 2016 Prohibited List to treat an illness or condition, you will need an approved Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) giving you authorization to use that substance during the Period of the Games. If you do not already have a TUE on file with USADA, please apply for an exemption immediately.
- For athletes competing in the Olympic Games, if you do not submit your TUE to USADA prior to July 23, you will need to contact the IOC to file a TUE for the Olympics.
- For athletes competing in the Paralympic Games, if you do not submit your TUE to USADA prior to August 1, you will need to contact the IPC to file a TUE for the Paralympics.
Remember: Submitting a TUE does not mean automatic approval. The TUE review process can take up to 21 days for a decision to be made, and you must have an approved TUE to use a prohibited substance during the Period of the Games.
Learn more about TUEs.
A. No. The water quality issues in Rio are largely due to pollution from bacterial and viral sources, such as raw sewage and excess garbage or decaying animals and plants. Simply put, this is a health & safety issue. An athlete will not test positive for a prohibited substance as a result of falling into or ingesting water which has high bacterial or viral counts. However, should athletes fall ill, they should always be vigilant to check any medications or treatment methods against the WADA Prohibited List. Global DRO Online can be used to check the prohibited status of prescription medications purchased in the US, Canada, Japan and the UK.
No. None of the vaccines for these diseases contain prohibited substances. All the vaccination injection volumes are below the WADA limit of 50mL per 6 hour period, thus no TUE is necessary. Global DRO Online can be used to check the prohibited status of prescription medications purchased in the US, Canada, Japan and the UK.
Unlike Mexico and China, USADA is unaware of any reported positive anti-doping cases due to clenbuterol meat contamination in Brazil. Still, it is important that athletes remain vigilant and only consume meat and protein from trusted sources, such as from the dining halls in the Olympic and Paralympic Athletes Villages.
Currently, USADA is unaware of any vaccination, treatments, or prevention measures for Zika virus that impact anti-doping at the Games. For the most up-to-date information, please visit the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
These common active ingredients in US brand name mosquito repellents are NOT prohibited:
- DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-tolua-mide or N,N-diethyl-3-methyl-benzamide)
- Picaridin (KBR 3023 [Bayrepel] and/or Icaridin (international name), 2-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperidinecarboxylic acid 1-methylpropyl ester)
- Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or PMD, Para-menthane-3,8-diol
- IR3535, 3-[N-butyl-N-acetyl]-aminopropionic acid, ethyl ester
Some prescription and non-prescription products have substances in them that are prohibited only in-competition (such as stimulants, narcotics, and glucocorticoids). Athletes should err on the side of caution and not take these products with them to competition venues to avoid the possibility of having a prohibited substance in their possession while competing, or making an error and inadvertently consuming an in-competition prohibited substance which could lead to a ‘positive test’. Although these products may be permitted out-of-competition, athletes should remain vigilant and do their due diligence to avoid consuming in-competition prohibited substances during out-of-competition periods. Due to variability in clearance times, athletes need to be aware that substances taken out of competition may still be present in their body during an in-competition sample collection and could lead to a ‘positive test’. If there is any doubt, athletes should apply for a TUE before taking the prohibited substance. Athletes and their entourage should also be aware that the Rio Games are “needle-free” for all participating athletes. The IOC has a specific policy on the use of needles for administration of both prohibited and non-prohibited substances during the period of the Games.
In addition, it is prohibited for any National Olympic Committee or member of its delegation to bring any of the following scientific equipment into an Olympic venue* during the period of the Games.
- Oxygen tanks and cylinders
- Hypoxic or hyperpoxic tents or chambers
- Cryogenic chambers for whole body cryotherapy
The IOC is responsible for the anti-doping program at the Olympic Games; therefore, USADA does not have control over how the IOC may or may not police the possession of prescription and non-prescription medication or certain scientific and medical equipment at the Games, including random checks or searches.
*Olympic venue is defined as all venues which require an Olympic accreditation card or ticket to gain entry, including the Olympic Village, Village Square, the competition venues and the training or practice venues; and any other location in or around Rio, which is under the control of, or occupied by, an NOC, a national sports federation or an institute of sport.