An important piece of any anti-doping program is sample collection or the process of securing an athlete’s blood and/or urine sample, completing paperwork, as well as preparing and shipping the sample to a WADA accredited laboratory. USADA is a signatory to the World Anti-Doping Code (Code), and USADA’s sample collection process is fully compliant with the Code and International Standard for Testing & Investigations.
The sample collection process is designed to be a safe process, and as comfortable as possible for athletes, while ensuring that maximum sample integrity is maintained throughout. The sample collection process is a standard procedure from notification of the athlete to the shipment of the sample to the laboratory.
Read more about the blood and urine sample collection process using the links.
Urine Collection Process
Blood Collection Process
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Additional Considerations for Minor and Disabled Athletes
Due to the sensitive nature of drug testing and the physical requirements needed from an athlete during sample collection, there are additional considerations for minor athletes as well as disabled athletes.
Athletes’ Sample Collection Rights & Responsibilities
Having a representative present throughout the doping control process
Having a language interpreter present, if available
Completing a training session or other activities while the Doping Control Officer (DCO) or chaperone observes
Having the testing procedures explained, including how the sample collection equipment works
Requesting to view the DCO’s credentials
Having a choice of collection vessels and sample collection kits
Receiving a copy of all forms used to document the processing of your sample
Providing written feedback on USADA’s Athlete Evaluation Form and/or Supplementary Report Form
Requesting a delay in reporting to the doping control station for valid reasons
Requesting modifications if you have a disability
Complying with the sample collection procedure**
Reporting immediately to the doping control station unless there are valid reasons for delay (in-competition testing)
Bringing a photo ID to the doping control station
Staying in direct observation of the doping control officer (DCO) or chaperone from the time of notification until the sample collection session is complete
Keeping the collection vessel and sample in their possession and in view of the DCO at all times
Having control of the sample until it is sealed in the sample collection bottles (the DCO may assist the athlete)
Ensuring the sample code number is correctly documented on the doping control official record
Ensuring all appropriate paperwork is accurate, complete, and signed
**NOTE: As defined by the Code: ‘Refusing, or failing without compelling justification, to submit to sample collection after notification as authorized in applicable anti-doping rules or otherwise evading sample collection is an anti-doping rule violation.’