Testing is an important part of any effective anti-doping program, and the area that most often comes to mind when thinking about anti-doping. From test planning and collection of a urine or blood sample, through the results managements process, USADA provides a thorough program, with policies and procedures in accordance with the World Anti-Doping Code, the WADA International Standards, the United States Olympic Committee Anti-Doping Rules, and the USADA Protocol for Olympic and Paralympic Movement Testing.
Whereabouts is information that allows an athlete to be located for out-of-competition testing. Athletes can be tested 365 days a year without advance notice. Athletes are required to inform USADA of their daily regular schedule and must report any changes.
Sample collection is one of the most important aspects of USADA’s testing efforts.
Jump to Specific Sample Collection Process
USADA is responsible for the results management process for U.S. athletes in Olympic, Paralympic, Pan American and Parapan American sport, which includes informing athletes of the results of their drug tests and managing any potential anti-doping rule violations in accordance with the rules. In this section, learn more about:
Protecting Athlete’s Rights
USADA Sanctions List
Athlete Notification Schedule
Individual Athlete Test History
Policies & Procedures
Are you interested in contracting USADA for testing at your event? Learn More
USADA provides extensive anti-doping education to thousands of athletes each year and can make available its educational tools, resources, and dedicated education team to organizations looking for contract testing services. Education helps athletes and support staff understand their rights and responsibilities as well as what to expect from the drug testing process. Topics include prohibited substances, TUEs, and sample collection among others.
As a signatory to the World Anti-Doping Code, USADA provides athletes with an avenue to apply for a therapeutic use exemption (TUE) or medical exemption to a prohibited substance through a process that is compliant with both the World Anti-Doping Code and the WADA International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions. The process is designed to balance the need to provide athletes access to critical medication while protecting the rights of clean athletes to complete on a level playing field.
This is the the crux of any contract testing program. Work with USADA to have us plan and implement an effective drug-testing program for your competition or athletes. USADA is a signatory to the World Anti-Doping Code and has collected nearly 100,000 blood and urine samples in our 14-year history. Our team of approximately 50 doping control officers, stationed throughout the country, have the expertise to ensure a smooth experience for your event.
USADA can provide results management and adjudication services consistent with the World Anti-Doping Code and International Standards. This service provides an importance piece of independence and protects event organizers from the conflicts of interest that come with both promoting a sport and having to police drug cheats. USADA’s results management process also affords athletes a full and fair legal process for anti-doping rule violations including independent arbitration, and results are recognized by the more than 600 WADA Code signatories globally.
There are a number of additional services and factors which make USADA the gold standard, and clear choice for anti-doping services.
- Global DRO online medication database
- Drug Reference Phone Line
- Supplement 411 Education Portal
- Athlete Express Contacts
- Paperless Sample Collection Process
- Play Clean Tip Center
Important Testing Documents
What athletes is USADA responsible for testing and results management / adjudication or what athletes fall under USADA's "jurisdiction?"
Is a member or a license holder of a USOC-recognized sport NGB.
Is participating at anevent or competition sanctioned by the USOC or a USOC-recognized sport NGB or participating at an event or competition in the United States sanctioned by an International Olympic Committee-recognized international federation (IF) for sport.
Is a foreign athlete who is present in the United States.
Has given his/her consent to testing by USADA or who has submitted a whereabouts filing to USADA or an IF within the previous 12 months and has not given his/her NGB written notice of retirement.
Has been named by the USOC or an NGB to an international team or who is included in the USADA Registered Testing Pool (USADA RTP) or is competing in a qualifying event to represent the USOC or NGB in international competition.
Is a United States athlete or foreign athlete present in the United States who is serving a period of ineligibility on account of an anti-doping rule violation and has not given prior written notice of retirement to the his/her NGB and USADA or the applicable foreign anti-doping agency or foreign sport association.
Is being tested by USADA under authorization from the USOC, an NGB, an IF, any NADO, WADA, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), International Paralympic Committee (IPC), or the organizing committee of any event or competition.
When developing a test distribution plan, a plan for efficient, effective, and intelligent allocation of testing resources, USADA’s considerations are consistent with WADA’s International Standards for Testing (IST). These standards, at a minimum, may include the:
- Physical demands of the sport and possible performance-enhancing effect that doping may elicit;
- Available doping analysis statistics;
- Available research on doping trends;
- History of doping in the sport and/or discipline;
- Training periods and the competition calendar; and
- Information received on possible doping practices.
Resources aimed at the detection of doping may be specifically targeted. USADA retains the right to test any athlete at any time.
In-Competition testing plans are primarily developed by coordinating with each national governing body (NGB) and are often in accordance with the rules of the international federation (IF). Athletes may be selected for testing by USADA based on criteria that typically includes established rules set forth by each IF.
USADA’s test distribution plan establishes the number of tests per sport based upon the number of athletes in the USADA Registered Testing Pool and in evaluation of the International Standards. USADA also carefully considers selection formulas or requests for target selection of particular athletes which are proposed by the USOC or a particular NGB. Tests are then allocated to periods throughout the year when OOC testing is most effective.
A registered testing pool (RTP) is a pool of top-level athletes who are subject to both in-competition and out-of-competition testing as part of a test distribution plan and must provide whereabouts information. USADA’s RTP is updated at a minimum each quarter and is chosen in conjunction with recommendations proposed by each sport national governing body. USADA notifies all athletes of their inclusion in the registered testing pool, after which it becomes the responsibility of the athlete to forward their whereabouts filing and thereafter to provide USADA with updated information specifying their whereabouts. USADA’s RTP is broken into two pools, which affects whereabouts responsibilities. For more information on whereabouts responsibilities please click here.