- Is a member or a license holder of a USOC-recognized sport NGB
- Is participating at an Event or Competition sanctioned by the USOC or a USOC-recognized sport NGB or participating at an Event or Competition in the United States sanctioned by an International Olympic Committee-recognized International Federation (IF) for sport.
- Is a foreign athlete who is present in the United States
- Has given his/her consent to Testing by USADA or who has submitted a Whereabouts Filing to USADA or an IF within the previous 12 months and has not given his/her NGB written notice of retirement
- Has been named by the USOC or an NGB to an international team or who is included in the USADA Registered Testing Pool (USADA RTP) or is competing in a qualifying event to represent the USOC or NGB in international competition
- Is a United States Athlete or foreign Athlete present in the United States who is serving a period of ineligibility due to an anti-doping rule violation and has not given prior written notice of retirement to his/her NGB and USADA or the applicable foreign anti-doping agency or foreign sport association
- Is being tested by USADA under authorization from the USOC, an NGB, IF, any NADO, WADA, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), International Paralympic Committee, (IPC), or the organizing committee of any Event or Competition.
USADA does testing for International Federations (IFs), other National Anti-Doping Organizations (NADOs) and the World Anti-Doping Agency. USADA does not test at the Olympic Games. The Local Organizing Committee for the Olympic Games and WADA oversee testing at the Games.
Is USADA responsible for testing American professional sport leagues like the NFL, NHL, MLB or NBA, or collegiate NCAA Athletes?
- The Prohibited List
- The International Standard for Testing & Investigations
- The International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions
- The International Standard for Laboratories
- The International Standard for Protection of Privacy and Public Information
- Physical demands of the sport and possible performance-enhancing effect that doping may elicit
- Available doping analysis statistics
- Available research on doping trends
- The history of doping in the sport and/or discipline
- Training periods and the competition calendar
- Information received on possible doping practices
- Resources aimed at the detection of doping may be specifically targeted
- USADA retains the right to test any athlete at any time.
All NGBs are required to provide a list of athletes for inclusion in the USADA Registered Testing Pool at least quarterly. With respect to each athlete on the list and any additional athletes designated by USADA for inclusion in the USADA Registered Testing Pool, each athlete receives an OOC packet from USADA which includes a USADA Guide to Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods in Doping, wallet card, pertinent forms, and educational materials. After initial entry into the USADA RTP, it is the responsibility of each individual athlete to provide USADA with current and updated information specifying his/her whereabouts (see FAQ section on Whereabouts). On a quarterly basis, USADA posts the names of the U.S. athletes who have been tested by USADA. For more information please click here.
If an athlete is suspended for a doping violation does the athlete remain part of the USADA RTP and the out-of-competition program?
Out-of-competition refers to any period which is not in-competition.
Definitions for In-Competition and Out-of-Competition are taken from the WADA Code.
What happens when a USADA Doping Control Officer (DCO) attempts to locate an athlete and the athlete is unavailable during the 60-minute time slot at the location specified on his/her Whereabouts Filing?
1. Medical or other scientific evidence, pharmacological effect or experience that the substance/method has the potential to enhance sports performance.
2. Medical or other scientific evidence, pharmacological effect or experience that the use of the substance/method represents an actual or potential health risk to the athlete.
3. WADA’s determination that the use of the substance/method violates the spirit of sport.
How is an athlete informed of an Adverse Analytical Finding, from a laboratory, or other potential anti-doping rules violation?
How long after an Adverse Analytical Finding report by the laboratory does the ‘B’ sample opening and analysis occur?
Does the athlete have the right to a hearing if USADA proceeds with adjudication as a result of a positive or elevated test, or other potential rule violation?
The athlete may elect to proceed to a hearing before the American Arbitration Association (AAA) using a single arbitrator (or a three-arbitrator panel, if requested by either of the parties) selected from a pool of the North American Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) arbitrators, who shall also be AAA arbitrators.