Ask The Scientists Recent reports in the media and from other sources suggest that athletes may be attempting to enhance performance by using dangerous, highly toxic, concentrated gases. Inhalation of volumes of concentrated gases such as carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, and xenon, even with medical supervision, may carry serious health risks. Hydrogen sulfide is particularly…Details
IGF-1 can enhance the production of lean muscle as well as aid in recovery time, but when used without medical necessity, exogenous IGF-1 can cause serious harm.Details
We have also seen an increase in inquires at USADA about the use of Intravenous (IV) Infusions for this purpose, and would like to assist athletes and medical personnel by clarifying this.Details
Under the leadership of the International Olympic Committee, the Prohibited List (List) was first published in 1963. Since 2004, as mandated by the World Anti-Doping Code (Code),…Details
What’s the difference between autologous, homologous (allogenic), and heterologous blood transfusions?
Autologous blood transfusion is the collection and re-infusion of the patient’s own blood or blood components. Homologous, or more correctly allogenic, blood transfusions…Details
The labs test for nearly 200 Prohibited Substances of many different types – from steroids to EPO. Some tests only require one teaspoon of urine whereas others may require two tablespoons.Details
Pharmacy compounding is when a pharmacist makes a customized medication for a patient. Unlike commercial drug manufacturing, compounding takes place right there in the pharmacy. The pharmacist uses bulk ingredients that they purchase from a variety of places and combines them according to a recipe written by a physician, or someone else licensed to prescribe…Details